4-29 November 2019, Dr. D.V. Ryabchuk and Dr. V.A. Zhamoida, employees of the Regional Geoecology and Marine Geology Department, took part in the International Marine Geology and Deep Sea Exploration Conference in Guangzhou (China) and a workshop on the planned international project “Eurasian Marginal Sea – Past and Future (EMS-project)”.
The conference was carried out in sessions: 1 – marginal seas, 2 – coastal dynamics, 3 – abyssal zones, 4 – climate and oceanography. At the conference, oral presentations were made by Ryabchuk D.V., Petrov E.O., Zhamoida V.A., Sergeev A.Yu., Kovaleva O.A. “Coastal processes of the Russian Baltic and Arctic Marginal Seas” (session 2 - Coastal processes) and Zhamoida V.A., Budanov L.M., Dron O.V., Moskovtsev A.A., Neevin I., Petrov E.O., Rekant P.V., Ryabchuk D.V., Sergeev A.Yu. “Distribution of recent and buried ice scours on the shelf of the East Siberian Sea” (session 1 – marginal seas – Zones of challenge in Continent-Ocean Interface).
The workshop discussed the objectives, goals, and mechanisms of preparation and implementation of the “Eurasian Marginal Sea – Past and Future” project. The meeting was attended by representatives from the geological surveys of China, Poland, Malaysia, as well as institutes and universities working in the field of marine geology, oceanology, and modelling from China, Italy, Spain, the USA, Poland, and Germany.
Representatives of the Geological Survey of China and the Marine Division of the Geological Survey of Guangzhou (Dr. Shengxiong Yang, Dr. Guangheng Yan) made presentations on the main activities, tasks, technical and technological capabilities of the survey. It should be noted that the volumes of marine geological investigations performed annually by the survey aimed at geological mapping, solving problems in the field of studying gas hydrates, petroleum geology, environmental and engineering geology, environmental protection, etc. are very impressive.
Dr. Qiuming Cheng made a presentation on the implementation of large international projects and their financing under the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and the scientific program The Deep-time Digital Earth (DDE), which are planned to take part in financing the future project “Eurasian Marginal Sea – Past and Future”. Obviously, the Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey will also incur additional costs for organizing workshops when preparing the project proposal. In the case of the project realization, its national co-financing is also expected.
One of the leading experts involved in the implementation of the DDE science program, Dr. Minghua Zhang, made a presentation on data collection, storage, and dissemination technologies.
Project preparation coordinator Prof. Jan Harff (University of Szczecin) presented the concept of the future project “Eurasian Marginal Sea – Past and Future”. The main objectives of the project will be:
- reconstruction of the geological development of Eurasian marginal seas in different climatic zones and tectonic conditions, during the last glacial cycle (130,000 years);
- modelling and forecasting the development of Eurasian coastal zones for the period until 2100 in accordance with various scenarios of climate change;
- elaborating strategies for sustainable development of the marine environment and coastal zones of Eurasian marginal seas, taking into account the necessary balance between the need to exploit natural resources and protect the environment.
Studies are planned on a global (Eurasian maritime periphery) and regional scales. The following seas are proposed as key research areas on a regional scale (Fig. 1): Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Bohai Sea, Laptev Sea, East Siberian Sea, Baltic Sea, Adriatic Sea, Strait of Malacca, Gulf of Cadiz. It is proposed to use the developments (semantic dictionaries, classifications) of the EMODnet-geology project as a model for linking data.
Eurasia and its marginal seas, potential key areas of the EMS Research Initiative, A1: Yellow Sea, East China Sea, A2: South China Sea, B1: Bohai Sea (Yellow River), C1: Adriatic Sea, D1: Baltic Sea, E1 Laptev Sea, E2 Eastern Siberian Sea, F1: Strait of Malacca, F2: Gulf of Cadiz.
Representatives of organizations potentially participating in the project (China, Italy, Russia, Spain, Poland, and Germany) made presentations on the activities of their institutes and the materials and technologies at their disposal.
The area of VSEGEI responsibility under the planned project may be the Russian Arctic (the key areas are the Laptev and East Siberian seas) and the Russian part of the Baltic Sea. Other possible Russian participants are experts from the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) (retrospective climate data and modelling) and VNIIOkeangeologia (geological materials from the Laptev Sea).
Based on the workshop results, it was decided, if the project idea was approved by directorate of the potential participating institutions, to begin work on the text of the preliminary application.